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Authors: Cantucci, B.* 
Montegrossi, G.* 
Buttinelli, M.* 
Lucci, F.* 
Vaselli, O.* 
Quattrocchi, F.* 
Title: Overview of the geochemical modeling on CO2 capture & storage in Italian feasibility studies
Issue Date: Jun-2009
Keywords: reactive transport modeling
CO2 storage
Subject Classification03. Hydrosphere::03.01. General::03.01.01. Analytical and numerical modeling 
Abstract: CO2 Capture & Storage in saline aquifers is presently one of the most promising technologies for reducing anthropogenic emissions of CO2. In these sites the short-longterm consequences of CO2 storage into a deep reservoir can be predicted by numerical modelling of geochemical processes. Unfortunately a common problem working with off-shore closed wells, where only the well-log information are available, is to obtain physico-chemical data (e.g. petrophysical and mineralogical) needed to reliable numerical simulations. Available site-specific data generally include only basic physical parameters such as temperature, pressure, and salinity of the formation waters. In this study we present a methodological procedure that allows to estimate and integrate lacking information to geochemical modelling of deep reservoirs such as: i) bulk and modal mineralogical composition, ii) porosity and permeability of the rock obtained from heat flow measurements and temperature, iii) chemical composition of formation waters (at reservoir conditions) prior of CO2 injection starting from sampling of analogue outcropping rock formations. The data sets in this way reconstructed constitute the base of geochemical simulations applied on some deep-seated Italian carbonatic and sandy saline aquifers potentially suitable for geological CO2 storage. Numerical simulations of reactive transport has been performed by using the reactive transport code TOUGHREACT via pressure corrections to the default thermodynamic database to obtain a more realistic modelling. Preliminary results of geochemical trapping (solubility and mineral trapping) potentiality and cap-rock stability as strategic need for some feasibility studies near to be started in Italy are here presented and discussed.
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