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Authors: Cocco, M.* 
Hainzl, S.* 
Catalli, F.* 
Enescu, B.* 
Woessner, J.* 
Lombardi, A. M.* 
Title: Sensitivity study of forecasted aftershock seismicity based on Coulomb stress calculation and rate- and state-dependent frictional response
Issue Date: 2009
DOI: 10.1029/2009JB006838
Keywords: Coulomb stress calculation a
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.02. Earthquake interactions and probability 
Abstract: We use the Dieterich (1994) physics-based approach to simulate the spatio- temporal evolution of seismicity caused by stress changes applied to an infinite population of nucleating patches modeled through a rate- and state- dependent friction law. According to this model, seismicity rate changes depend on the amplitude of stress perturbation, the physical constitutive properties of faults (represented by the parameter Aσ), the stressing rate and the background seismicity rate of the study area. In order to apply this model in a predictive manner, we need to understand the impact of physical model parameters and the correlations between them. Firstly we discuss different definitions of the reference seismicity rate and show their impact on the computed rate of earthquake production for the 1992 Landers earthquake sequence as a case study. Furthermore, we demonstrate that all model parameters are strongly correlated for physical and statistical reasons. We discuss this correlation emphasizing that the estimations of the background seismicity rate, stressing rate and Aσ are strongly correlated to reproduce the observed aftershock productivity. Our analytically derived relation demonstrates the impact of these model parameters on the Omori-like aftershock decay: the c- value and the productivity of the Omori law, implying a p-value smaller or equal to 1. Finally, we discuss an optimal strategy to constrain model parameters for near-real time forecasts.
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