Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/5366
Authors: Favali, P.* 
Beranzoli, L.* 
Title: EMSO: European multidisciplinary seafloor observatory
Journal: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 
Series/Report no.: 1/602 (2009)
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Issue Date: 11-Apr-2009
DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2008.12.214
Keywords: Marine science and technology
Multidisciplinary seafloor monitoring
Permanent underwater network
European research infrastructures
Subject Classification03. Hydrosphere::03.04. Chemical and biological::03.04.99. General or miscellaneous 
04. Solid Earth::04.01. Earth Interior::04.01.99. General or miscellaneous 
04. Solid Earth::04.02. Exploration geophysics::04.02.99. General or miscellaneous 
04. Solid Earth::04.05. Geomagnetism::04.05.99. General or miscellaneous 
04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: EMSO has been identified by the ESFRI Report 2006 as one of the Research Infrastructures that European members and associated states are asked to develop in the next decades. It will be based on a European-scale network of multidisciplinary seafloor observatories from the Arctic to the Black Sea with the aim of long-term real-time monitoring of processes related to geosphere/biosphere/hydrosphere interactions. EMSO will enhance our understanding of processes, providing long time series data for the different phenomenon scales which constitute the new frontier for study of Earth interior, deep-sea biology and chemistry, and ocean processes. The development of an underwater network is based on past EU projects and is supported by several EU initiatives, such as the on-going ESONET-NoE, aimed at strengthening the ocean observatories’ scientific and technological community. The EMSO development relies on the synergy between the scientific community and industry to improve European competitiveness with respect to countries such as USA, Canada and Japan. Within the FP7 Programme launched in 2006, a call for Preparatory Phase (PP) was issued in order to support the foundation of the legal and organisational entity in charge of building up and managing the infrastructure, and coordinating the financial effort among the countries. The EMSO-PP project, coordinated by the Italian INGV with participation by 11 institutions from as many European countries, started in April 2008 and will last four years.
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