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Authors: Bottari, C.* 
Carveni, P.* 
Title: Archaeological and historiographical implications of recent uplift of the Peloro Peninsula, NE Sicily
Issue Date: Jul-2009
Series/Report no.: 1 / 72 (2009)
DOI: 10.1016/j.yqres.2009.03.004
Keywords: Straits of Messina
Pantano Piccolo sault march
Palaeotopography modeling
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.07. Tectonophysics::04.07.02. Geodynamics 
Abstract: In ancient times, the name “Peloro” was used to indicate an anthropic area that gradually developed around the first known human settlement on the Sicilian shore near the Straits of Messina. Since the 5th century BC, historians have documented that numerous naval armadas landed for long periods at Peloro. However, the present-day morphology of the Peloro Cape Peninsula does not have any protected inlet that would offer a location to repair hundreds of ships, as has been documented by historical sources. To address this discrepancy, geomorphologic data were collected and analyzed to verify whether historical documents were consistent with the palaeotopography of the area. This approach is based on the analysis of the morphotectonic evolution of the coastal lowland that resulted from regional uplift over the Quaternary and Holocene. The results indicate that the harbour was located in the basin of the Pantano Piccolo salt marsh, and was large and deep enough to have sheltered up to 320 ships.
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