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Authors: Pietrella, M.* 
Perrone, L.* 
Fontana, G.* 
Romano, V.* 
Malagnini, A.* 
Tutone, G.* 
Zolesi, B.* 
Cander, Lj. R.* 
Belehaki, A.* 
Tsagouri, I.* 
Kouris, S. S.* 
Vallianatos, F.* 
Makris, J.* 
Angling, M.* 
Title: Oblique-incidence ionospheric soundings over Central Europe and their application for testing now casting and long term prediction models
Issue Date: 2-Jun-2009
Series/Report no.: 11 / 43 (2009)
DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2008.01.022
Keywords: Ionosphere
Montly median models
Now casting models
Oblique-radio sounding
Subject Classification01. Atmosphere::01.03. Magnetosphere::01.03.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: After a first oblique-incidence ionospheric sounding campaign over Central Europe performed during the period 2003–2004 over the radio links between Inskip (UK, 53.5°N, 2.5°W) and Rome (Italy, 41.8°N, 12.5°E) and between Inskip and Chania (Crete, 35.7°N, 24.0°E), new and more extensive analysis of systematic MUF measurements from January 2005 to December 2006 have been performed. MUF measurements collected during moderately disturbed days (17 ≤ Ap ≤ 32), disturbed days (32 < Ap ≤ 50) and very disturbed days (Ap > 50), have been used to test the long term prediction models (ASAPS, ICEPAC and SIRM&LKW), and the now casting models (SIRMUP&LKW and ISWIRM&LKW). The performances of the different prediction methods in terms of r.m.s are shown for selected range of geomagnetic activity and for each season.
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