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Authors: Xu, T.* 
Wu, Z.* 
Wu, J.* 
Wei, G.* 
Feng, J.* 
Title: A single-station spectral model of the monthly median foF2 over Chongqing, China
Issue Date: Aug-2008
Series/Report no.: 4/51 (2008)
Keywords: solar cycle variation
single station model
geomagnetic index
monthly median foF2
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.05. Geomagnetism::04.05.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: Hourly values of the critical frequency of the ionospheric F region, foF2, obtained at Chongqing ionospheric observatory (geographic 29.50N, 106.40E), China, during the interval of 1977 to 1997 (solar cycle 21 and 22) have been used to investigate the dependence of the monthly median foF2 on solar activity and geomagnetic activity, and to construct single-station model (SSM) using Fourier expansion. The results of the present analysis show that there is a significant nonlinear relationship between monthly median foF2 and sunspot number R especially at daytime in each month and nighttime in summer. Furthermore, introducing geomagnetic index Ap further improves the description of variation of monthly median foF2, and the standard deviations decrease also dependently on time and month. Thus the complex influence of solar activity and geomagnetic activity may be approximately expressed by a general multiple nonlinear function at Chongqing station, China. The basic aim of this paper is to show that considering the nonlinear influence both of solar activity and geomagnetic activity improves the monthly median model. The SSM is in good agreement with observations, with standard deviation 0.65MHz, while IRI model has a lower accuracy with standard deviation 0.96MHz.
Appears in Collections:Annals of Geophysics

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