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Authors: Riva, R. E. M.* 
Aoudia, A.* 
Title: Postseismic deformation and body forces shaping the Apennines and adjacent sedimentary basins in Umbria-Marche
Issue Date: Apr-2008
Series/Report no.: 2-3/51 (2008)
Keywords: Viscoelastic relaxation
Aseismic slip
Body forces
Normal faults
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.03. Geodesy::04.03.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: The geodynamic complexity of the Apennines and adjacent sedimentary basins in Umbria-Marche (North-Central Italy) makes the dynamics of the present day deformation and its relationships with the seismicity less well understood. In this paper, we argue that, further to buoyancy forces, postseismic deformation of earthquakes taking place on the Apennines contributes to the regional deformation. We investigate the interaction between the normal faulting system responsible of the 1997 Umbria-Marche earthquake sequence (Colfiorito fault) and the low angle normal faulting system bordering the sedimentary basins, namely the Altotiberina fault. We set-up a 2D finite element model of the lithosphere-asthenosphere accounting for lateral heterogeneities and investigate how this heterogeneous structure is capable of localizing strain under the Umbria-Marche sedimentary basins, providing a way for the Colfiorito fault to influence the evolution of the Altotiberina fault. We show how the two different length and time scale processes, namely postseismic deformation and buoyancy, are complementary in shaping the Apennines and adjacent sedimentary basins. The high resolution deformation patterns modeled in this study can hardly be reproduced by a model accounting only for external forces such as a rotating or subducting or retreating Adria.
Appears in Collections:Annals of Geophysics

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