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Authors: Aloisi, M. M.* 
Bonforte, A.* 
Mattia, M.* 
Puglisi, G.* 
Title: Ground deformations related to the effusive eruptions of Stromboli: the 2002-2003 case
Issue Date: 11-Dec-2008
Keywords: stromboli
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.03. Geodesy::04.03.01. Crustal deformations 
Abstract: Stromboli volcano erupted suddenly on 28 December 2002 after a long period of typically persistent and moderate explosive activity. Lava flows outpoured from the northern wall of the NE crater and descended into the Sciara del Fuoco (SdF). On December 30th, 2002, two landslides occurred on the northern part of the SdF, producing a tsunami that caused significant damage. This event led to the upgrading of the ground deformation monitoring system. The new requisite was the real-time detection of the deformation related both to the magma movements within the eruptive feeding system and to potential slope failures of the SdF. To this end, a remotely controlled monitoring system, based both on high-frequency (1 Hz) instantaneous GPS and terrestrial geodetic techniques (manual EDM measurements, transformed in automated terrestrial geodetic measurements) was planned and set up in a few months. During the recorded eruptive phases, the new monitoring system aided the Department of Civil Protection in making decisions related to hazards from landslides and volcanic activity and, more generally, on the evolution of volcanic phenomena throughout the eruption. The measurements carried out on the benchmarks located on the high flank allowed us to make some hypotheses on the dynamics of the craters. In particular, the behaviour of the EDM baselines, showing alternating periods of increase and periods of stop in length variation, could be linked to movements of the magmatic column within the craters. Moreover, the monitoring system gave us the opportunity to observe the effects of an effusive vent opening on February 16th. The new geodetic network provided, for the first time, useful information on ground deformations due to shallow and very shallow volcanic sources at Stromboli.
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