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Authors: Moretti, R.* 
Baker, Don R.* 
Title: Modeling the interplay of fO2 and fS2 along the FeS-silicate melt equilibrium
Issue Date: 2008
Series/Report no.: /256 (2008)
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2008.06.055
Keywords: Sulfur
Silicate melt
Iron sulfide
Chemical thermodynamics
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.01. Gases 
04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.03. Magmas 
04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.04. Thermodynamics 
04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.05. Volcanic rocks 
Abstract: In this paper we will discuss a simplified thermodynamic description for the saturation of FeS, either liquid or solid, in magmatic melts. The Conjugated-Toop–Samis–Flood–Grjotheim model [Moretti R. and Ottonello G., 2005. Solubility and speciation of sulfur in silicate melts, the Conjugated-Toop–Samis–Flood–Grjotheim (CTSFG) model. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69, 801–823] has furnished the theoretical reference frame, since it already accounts for the solubility of gaseous sulfur and the speciation and oxidation state of sulfur in silicate melts. We provide a new model to predict the saturation of magmatic silicate melts with an FeS phase that is internally consistent with these previous parameterizations. The derived model provides an effective sulfogeobarometer, which is superior with respect to previous models. For magmas rising from depth to surface, our appraisal of molar volumes of sulfur-bearing species in silicate melts allows us to model oxidation–reduction processes at different pressures, and sulfur concentrations for saturationwith either liquid or solid phases. In this respect, the nature of the oxygen fugacity buffer is critical. On the basis of model results on some typical compositions of volcanological interest, the sulfur contents at sulfide saturation (SCSS) have been calculated and the results duplicate the experimental observations that the SCSS is positively correlatedwith pressure forwatersaturated acidic melts and negatively correlated with pressure for water-poor basaltic melts. This new model provides fO2–fS2 pairs of FeS saturation of natural silicatemelts. In caseswhere the redox constraint is lacking, the model can be used to investigate whether the dissolved sulfur content approaches SCSS or not, and if so, to estimate at which fO2 value the silicate melt is saturated with a sulfide phase
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