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Authors: Anzidei, M.* 
Carapezza, M. L.* 
Esposito, A.* 
Giordano, G.* 
Lelli, M.* 
Tarchini, L.* 
Title: The Albano Maar Lake high resolution bathymetry and dissolved CO2 budget (Colli Albani volcano, Italy): Constrains to hazard evaluation
Journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 
Series/Report no.: / 171 (2008)
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 4-Jan-2008
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.11.024
Keywords: Albano maar
lake bathymetry
crater lake hazard
Subject Classification03. Hydrosphere::03.04. Chemical and biological::03.04.05. Gases 
03. Hydrosphere::03.04. Chemical and biological::03.04.06. Hydrothermal systems 
04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.04. Ground motion 
04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.06. Volcano monitoring 
Abstract: The Albano Lake is the deepest volcanic lake in Italy (−167 m) and fills the youngest maar of the quiescent Colli Albani volcano. The lake has undergone significant level changes and lahar generating overflows occurred about 5800 yrs B.P. and likely in 398 b.C., when Romans excavated a tunnel drain through the maar wall. Hazardous lake rollovers and CO2 release are still possible because the Albano volcano shows active ground deformation, gas emission and periodic seismic swarms. On November 2005, the first high resolution bathymetric survey of the Albano Lake was performed. Here we present the results provided by a Digital Elevation Model and 2-D and 3-D images of the crater lake floor, which is made by coalescent and partly overlapping craters and wide flat surfaces separated by some evident scarps. Submerged shorelines are identified at depths between −20 m and −41 m and indicate the occurrence of significant lake level changes, likely between 7.1 and 4.1 ka. The current lake volume is ~447.5×106 m3 and the total quantity of dissolved CO2 is 6850 t estimated by chemical analyses of samples collected on May 2006. A decrease of nearly one order of magnitude of the CO2 dissolved in the lake water below −120 m, observed from December 1997 to May 2006 (from 4190 to 465 t respectively), has been attributed to lake water overturn. The observed oscillations of the dissolved CO2 concentrations justify the efforts of monitoring the chemical and physical characteristics of the lake. At present the quantity of dissolved CO2 is very far from saturation and Nyostype events cannot presently occur.
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