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Authors: Corradini, S.* 
Merucci, L.* 
Prata, A. J.* 
Silvestri, M.* 
Musacchio, M.* 
Spinetti, C.* 
Piscini, A.* 
Buongiorno, M. F.* 
Title: SO2 and ash plume retrievals using MSG-SEVIRI measurements. Test case: 24 November 2006 Mt. Etna eruption.
Issue Date: Nov-2008
Keywords: SO2 retrieval
ash retrieval
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.06. Volcano monitoring 
Abstract: In this work the Thermal InfraRed (TIR) measurements of the Spin Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) on board the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) geosyncronous satellite, have been used to estimate the daily evolution of the SO2 columnar abundance and ash plume optical thickness, particle effective radius and total mass of Mt. Etna volcanic plume. As test case the 24 November 2006 eruption has been considered. SEVIRI is an optical imaging radiometer characterized by 12 spectral channels, a high temporal resolution (one image every 15 minutes) and a 9 km2 footprint. The instrument’s spectral range includes the 8.7 mm band (channel 7) and the10.8 and 12.0 mm split window bands (channels 9 and 10) used respectively for SO2 retrieval and volcanic ash detection and retrievals. The SO2 columnar abundance is estimated by means of a Look-Up Table (LUT) least squares fit procedure applied to channel 7 while the ash detection and retrievals are carried out by using the Brightness Temperature Difference algorithm applied to channels 9 and 10. All the simulations needed for the retrievals have been realized using the WMO Trapani meteo station atmospheric profiles and MODTRAN 4 radiative transfer model. The SEVIRI volcanic plume SO2 and ash retrieval has been compared with the results obtained by processing the data collected during the same eruption by the MODIS sensor on board of Aqua and Terra satellites. Results show the ability of SEVIRI to recognize and estimate the daily trend of SO2 and ash in an eruptive plume; for the 24 November 2006 eruption, the SO2 and ash emissions start at about 4 am and 9 am respectively and terminate simultaneously at about 3 pm. The comparison between SEVIRI and MODIS retrievals indicates a good agreement.
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