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Authors: Del Pezzo, E.* 
Bianco, F.* 
De Siena, L.* 
Zollo, A.* 
Title: Small scale shallow attenuation structure at Mt. Vesuvius, Italy.
Issue Date: 20-Apr-2006
Series/Report no.: /157 (2006)
DOI: 10.1016/j.pepi.2006.04.009
Keywords: Attenuation tomography
Mt. Vesuvius
Coda Normalization method
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.07. Tomography and anisotropy 
Abstract: We present a high resolution 3D model of S-wave attenuation (Q −1 S ) for the volcanic structure of Mt. Vesuvius. Data from 959 waveforms relative to 332 volcano-tectonic earthquakes located close to the crater axis in a depth range between 1 and 4 km (below the sea level) recorded at 6 three-component seismic stations were used for the inversion. We obtained the estimate of Q −1 S for each source–station pair using a single-station method based on the normalization of the S-wave spectrum for the coda spectrum at 12 s lapse time. This is a modification of the well known coda-normalization method to estimate the average Q −1 S for a given area. We adopt a parabolic ray-tracing in the high resolution 3D velocity model which was previously estimated using almost the same data set; then we solve a linear inversion scheme using the L-squared norm with positive constraints in 900 m-side cubic blocks, obtaining the estimate of Q −1 S for each block. Robusteness and stability of the results are tested changing in turn the input data set and the inversion technique. Resolution is tested with both checkerboard and spike tests. Results show that attenuation structure resembles the velocity structure, well reproducing the interface between the carbonates and the overlying volcanick rocks which form the volcano. Analysis is well resolved till to a depth of 4–5 km. Higher Q contrast is found for the block overlying the carbonate basement and close to the crater axis, almost cohincident with a positive P-wave velocity contrast located in the same volume and previously interpreted as the residual high density body related to the last eruptions of Mt. Vesuvius. We interpret this high-Q zone as the upper part of carbonate basement in which most of the high energy seismicity take place. The low-Q values found at shallow depth are interpreted as due to the high heterogeneity mainly caused by the mixing of lava layers and pyroclastic materials extruded during the last eruptions.
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