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Authors: Ibanez, J.* 
Del Pezzo, E.* 
Bengoa, C.* 
Caselli, A.* 
Badi, G.* 
Almendros, J.* 
Title: Volcanic tremor and local earthquakes at Copahue volcanic complex, Southern Andes,
Journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 
Series/Report no.: /174 (2008)
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 6-Mar-2008
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.02.005
Keywords: volcanic seismicity
volcanic tremor
seismic array
volcano tectonic earthquakes
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.08. Volcano seismology 
Abstract: In the present paper we describe the results of a seismic field survey carried out at Copahue Volcano, Southern Andes, Argentina, using a small-aperture, dense seismic antenna. Copahue Volcano is an active volcano that exhibited a few phreatic eruptions in the last 20 years. The aim of this experiment was to record and classify the background seismic activity of this volcanic area, and locate the sources of local earthquakes and volcanic tremor. Data consist of several volcano-tectonic (VT) earthquakes, and many samples of back-ground seismic noise. We use both ordinary spectral, and multi-spectral techniques to measure the spectral content, and an array technique [Zero Lag Cross Correlation technique] to measure the back-azimuth and apparent slowness of the signals propagating across the array.We locate VT earthquakes using a procedure based on the estimate of slowness vector components and S–P time. VT events are located mainly along the border of the Caviahue caldera lake, positioned at the South-East of Copahue volcano, in a depth interval of 1–3 kmbelow the surface. The background noise shows the presence of many transients with high correlation among the array stations in the frequency band centered at 2.5 Hz. These transients are superimposed to an uncorrelated background seismic signal. Array solutions for these transients show a predominant slowness vector pointing to the exploited geothermal field of “Las Maquinitas” and “Copahue Village”, located about 6 km north of the array site. We interpret this coherent signal as a tremor generated by the activity of the geothermal field.
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