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Authors: La Rocca, M.* 
Galluzzo, D.* 
Malone, S.* 
McCausland, W.* 
Saccorotti, G.* 
Del Pezzo, E.* 
Title: Testing Small-Aperture Array Analysis on Well-Located Earthquakes,
Journal: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 
Series/Report no.: 2/98 (2008)
Publisher: Seismological Society of America
Issue Date: Apr-2008
DOI: 10.1785/0120060185
Keywords: Non Volcanic Deep Tremor
Array analysis
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.10. Instruments and techniques 
Abstract: We have here analyzed local and regional earthquakes using array techniques with the double aim of quantifying the errors associated with the estimation of propagation parameters of seismic signals and testing the suitability of a probabilistic location method for the analysis of nonimpulsive signals.We have applied the zero-lag cross-correlation method to earthquakes recorded by three dense arrays in Puget Sound and Vancouver Island to estimate the slowness and back azimuth of direct P waves and S waves. The results are compared with the slowness and back azimuth computed from the source location obtained by the analysis of data recorded by the Pacific Northwest seismic network (PNSN). This comparison has allowed a quantification of the errors associated with the estimation of slowness and back azimuth obtained through the analysis of array data. The statistical analysis gives σBP 10° and σBS 8° as standard deviations for the back azimuth and σSP 0:021 sec= km and σSS 0:033 sec =km for the slowness results of the P and S phases, respectively. These values are consistent with the theoretical relationship between slowness and back azimuth and their uncertainties. We have tested a probabilistic source location method on the local earthquakes based on the use of the slowness estimated for two or three arrays without taking into account travel-time information. Then we applied the probabilistic method to the deep, nonvolcanic tremor recorded by the arrays during July 2004. The results of the tremor location using the probabilistic method are in good agreement with those obtained by other techniques. The wide depth range, of between 10 and 70 km, and the source migration with time are evident in our results. The method is useful for locating the source of signals characterized by the absence of pickable seismic phases.
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