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Authors: Palangio, P.* 
Masci, F.* 
Di Persio, M.* 
Di Lorenzo, C.* 
Lampis, E.* 
Title: The new Italian Geomagnetic Observatory of Duronia: experimental setup and first results
Issue Date: 2008
Keywords: MEM Project
geomagnetic field
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.05. Geomagnetism::04.05.05. Main geomagnetic field 
Abstract: Since the end of 2007 a new geomagnetic observatory is in operation in Central Italy in the area of the village of Duronia (41°39’N, 14°28’E, 910m a.s.l.). The observatory has been created in the framework of the MEM (Magnetic and Electric fields Monitoring) Project. The main target of the MEM Project is to create in Central Italy a network of observatories to monitoring the environmental electromagnetic signals in the frequency band from 0.001Hz to 100kHz (ULF-ELF-VLF). Actually the network consists of two observatories, L’Aquila (42°23’N, 13°19’E, 682m a.s.l.) and Duronia. Next year a third observatory will be activated in Central Italy. Moreover, in the future we plan to widen the network in the Adriatic area, creating two new observatories in the other countries of the MEM partners. The peculiarity of the Duronia’s Observatory is the low electromagnetic background noise of the site and the low noise instrumentation used for the measurements. These characteristics allow us to plan new research activities in the field of the geomagnetic sciences. Here we show the experimental setup of the observatory with a brief discussion of the installed instrumentation. Moreover, some examples of the scientific results obtained in the first months of operation are shown. The new research activity is mainly focused on the analysis of the spectral resonance structure, and its evolution in time, of the Schumann Resonance in the range of frequencies [5.0-35.0]Hz, and the Ionospheric Alfvén Resonator in the range of frequencies [0.1-7.0]Hz. Another research activity of the observatory concerns the long term monitoring of local magnetic field anomalies, to underline their possible correlation with the geodynamical processes.
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