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Authors: Frezzotti, M.* 
Pourchet, M.* 
Flora, O.* 
Gandolfi, S.* 
Gay, M.* 
Urbini, S.* 
Vincent, C.* 
Becagli, S.* 
Gragnani, R.* 
Proposito, M.* 
Severi, M.* 
Traversi, R.* 
Udisti, R.* 
Fily, M.* 
Title: Spatial and temporal variability of snow accumulation in East Antarctica from traverse data
Issue Date: 21-Jul-2005
Series/Report no.: 172 / 51 (2005)
DOI: 10.3189/172756505781829502
Keywords: East Antarctica
snow accumulation
Subject Classification02. Cryosphere::02.02. Glaciers::02.02.02. Cryosphere/atmosphere Interaction 
02. Cryosphere::02.02. Glaciers::02.02.06. Mass balance 
Abstract: Recent snow accumulation rate is a key quantity for ice core and mass balance studies. Several accumulation measurement methods (stake farm, fin core, snow-radar profiling, surface morphology, remote sensing) were used, compared and integrated at eight sites along a transect from Terra Nova Bay to Dome C (East Antarctica) to provide information about the spatial and temporal variability of snow accumulation. Thirty-nine cores were dated by identifying tritium/β marker levels (1965–66[AUTHOR: Please check dates, I don’t think this agrees with table 1]) and no-sea-salt (nss) SO4 raised to the power of 2– spikes of the Tambora volcanic event (1816) in order to provide information on temporal variability. Cores were linked by snow radar and GPS surveys to provide detailed information on spatial variability in snow accumulation. Stake farm and ice core accumulation rates are observed to differ significantly, but isochrones (snow radar) correlate well with ice core derived accumulation. The accumulation/ablation pattern from stake measurements suggests that the annual local noise (metre scale) in snow accumulation can approach 2 years of ablation and more than four times the average annual accumulation, with no accumulation or ablation for a 5-year period in up to 40% of cases. The spatial variability of snow accumulation at the kilometre scale is one order of magnitude higher than temporal variability at the multi-decadal/secular scale. Stake measurements and firn cores at Dome C confirm an approximate 30% increase in accumulation over the last two centuries, with respect to the average over the last 5000 years.
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