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Authors: D'Anna, G.* 
Mangano, G.* 
D'Alessandro, A.* 
D'Anna, R.* 
Passafiume, G.* 
Speciale, S.* 
Title: First long time OBS campaign in the Ionian Sea
Issue Date: 11-Jul-2008
Series/Report no.: Rapporti Tecnici INGV
Keywords: OBS
Ionian Sea
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.10. Instruments and techniques 
Abstract: The INGV started its interest to extend the seismic monitoring network to the sea in 1995 with GEOSTAR (Geophysical and Oceanographic Station for Abyssal Research) project, coming out with the realization of the first multidisclipinary observatory for deep-sea monitoring [Favali et al. 2002]. At the end of 2004, the National Earthquake Center (CNT) of INGV decided to provide a pool of Ocean Bottom Seismometers to be employed as a submarine mobile network and to study submarine faults and volcanoes. This was possible thanks to an agreement between the INGV and the Italian National Civil Protection Department (DPC). On July 2006, the Gibilmanna OBS Lab, tested the first OBS prototype for nine days on the flat top of the Marsili submarine volcano [D’Anna et al. 2007] and in early 2007 other seven OBS’s were ready to be deployed on the seafloor. In May 2007, within the European project NERIES (activity NA6), the Gibilmanna OBS Lab of the INGV has deployed three Broad Band Ocean Bottom Seismometers (BBOBS) in the southern Ionian Sea at 3500-4000 meters of depth. This area has been chosen during the NERIES – “NA6-BBOBS net” meeting in Rome, on the 11th of September 2006 because at first, there are at the moment few seismological data [Scrocca et al., 2003] to construct a reliable model for the Ionian lithosphere and also the rate and features of the seismicity in the area between the Hyblean-Malta fault system and the accretionary prism of the Calabrian Arc are largely unknown [Catalano et al. 2002]. The Ionian Sea is indeed one of the most seismically active area in the Mediterranean region with several destructive earthquakes sometimes followed by tsunamis [Tinti et al. 2004]. The seismicity occurring in the Ionian basin is characterized by large location uncertainties due to the lack of seafloor seismic stations. In 2002, the quality of the seismic sensing and the location of earthquakes have been improved by the deployment of the real-time submarine observatory SN-1, about 25 km offshore Eastern Sicily [Sgroi et al, 2007]. However, the SN-1 location only allows to characterize the seismicity in the area offshore the eastern Sicily. Two of the three OBS’s were successfully recovered on the 2nd of February 2008; the last one was recovered on the 15th of March 2008 and another OBS was deployed on the same location to accomplish the continuous long-term seismic monitoring task (until May 2010) as planned in NERIES project.
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