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Authors: Chiappini, M.* 
Gregori, G. P.* 
Paparo, G.* 
Bellecci, C.* 
Crisci, G. M.* 
De Natale, G.* 
Favali, P.* 
Marson, I.* 
Meloni, A.* 
Zolesi, B.* 
Boschi, E.* 
Title: Stromboli: a natural laboratory of environmental science
Issue Date: 2002
Series/Report no.: / 113 (2002)
Keywords: Stromboli
natural laboratory
environmental science
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.02. Exploration geophysics::04.02.99. General or miscellaneous 
04. Solid Earth::04.05. Geomagnetism::04.05.04. Magnetic anomalies 
05. General::05.04. Instrumentation and techniques of general interest::05.04.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: The science of environment is per se multi- and inter-disciplinary. It is not possible to separate the role of the physical, chemical, biological, and anthropic factors, respectively. Research must therefore rely on suitable natural laboratories, where all different effects can be simultaneously monitored and investigated. Stromboli is a volcanic island slightly North of Sicily, within a tectonic setting characterised by a Benioff zone, curved like a Greek theatre, opened towards the Tyrrhenian Sea, with deep earthquakes. Moreover, it is a unique volcano in the world in that since at least ~ 3000 years ago, it has exploded very regularly, about every 15^20 min. Hence, it is possible to monitor statistically phenomena occurring prior, during, and after every explosion. The Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) has recently established a permanent Laboratory and an extensive interdisciplinary programme is being planned. A few main classes of items are to be considered including: (1) matter exchange (solid, liquid, gas, chemistry); (2) thermal and/or radiative coupling; (3) electromagnetic coupling; (4) deformation; (5) biospheric implications; and (6) anthropic relations since either the times of the Neolithic Revolution. Such an entire multidisciplinary perspective is discussed, being much beyond a mere volcanological concern. We present here the great heuristic potential of such a unique facility, much like a natural laboratory devoted to the investigation of the environment and climate.
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