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Authors: Zirizzotti, A.* 
Baskaradas, J. A.* 
Bianchi, C.* 
Sciacca, U.* 
Tabacco, I. E.* 
Zuccheretti, E.* 
Title: Glacio RADAR system and results
Issue Date: 26-May-2008
Keywords: VHF Radar
Subject Classification02. Cryosphere::02.02. Glaciers::02.02.99. General or miscellaneous 
02. Cryosphere::02.02. Glaciers::02.02.10. Instruments and techniques 
Abstract: Since 1997 the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) in Italy has been involved in the development of the airborne RES system named Glacio RADAR, which is continuously upgraded. Radio Echo Sounding (RES) techniques are widely used in glaciological measurements. They are based on the use of radar systems, to obtain information concerning ice thickness of ice sheets and ice shelves, internal layering of glaciers, detection of inhomogeneities, exploration of subglacial lakes and identification of physical nature of subglacial interface. The Glacio RADAR is mounted on an aircraft and flies at an altitude around 300m above the ice surface during the survey. The first prototype operates in bistatic mode with separate transmit and receive one wire folded dipole installed beneath the aircraft wings. It works at 60 MHz with an envelope pulse width variable between 0.3 s and 1 s. The receiving window is 64 s which implies a maximum penetration depth (range) in the ice of about 5.3 km. The horizontal sampling rate is 10 traces/s at a mean aircraft speed of about 70 m/s. This would produce roughly 143 traces per kilometre (horizontal resolution of 1 trace every 7 m). The Navigation and geographical information is based on a on board GPS receiver giving longitude, latitude, altitude and time for the acquired radar trace. This radar was used in several Italian Antarctic Expeditions (1997, 1999, 2001 and 2003) and highlights of data results from these expeditions are presented here.
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