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Authors: Mattia, M.* 
Palano, M.* 
Aloisi, M.* 
Bruno, V.* 
Bock, Y.* 
Title: High rate GPS data on active volcanoes: an application to the 2005–2006 Mt. Augustine (Alaska, USA) eruption
Issue Date: 2008
Series/Report no.: 2/20 (2008)
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.2008.00798.x
Keywords: GPS
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.03. Geodesy::04.03.01. Crustal deformations 
Abstract: Volcanic eruptions are usually preceded by measurable signals of growing unrest, the most evident of which are the increase in seismicity and ground deformation. It is also important to identify precursors of a possible renewal of the volcanic activity and to distinguish between an eruptive activity characterized by an intrusion (with the related destructive power) and a migration of magma stored in the main conduits. The 2005–2006 eruption at Mt. Augustine (Alaska, USA) is a good example of a massive migration of magmatic fluids from depth (about 1 km b.s.l.) under the effect of gas overpressure. The movements, recorded by High Rate GPS (HRGPS) data (15 s of sampling and processing rate) from the stations deployed on the volcano, define the dimensions and the characteristics of the shallow plumbing system. In this study, we propose a model of the different stages preceding the effusive phase (the 'precursory phase'), where gas overpressure in the body of the volcano opens the terminal conduit.
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