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Authors: Misiti, V.* 
Tecce, F.* 
Gaeta, M.* 
Title: Fluids in low-pressure migmatites:a fluid inclusion study of rocks from the Gennargentu Igneous Complex (Sardinia, Italy)
Issue Date: 2005
Series/Report no.: /85 (2005)
DOI: 10.1007/s00710-005-0089-1
Keywords: fluid inclusions
Gennargentu Igneous Complex
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.05. Mineralogy and petrology 
Abstract: The low-pressure emplacement of a quartz diorite body in the metapelitic rocks of the Gennargentu Igneous Complex (Sardinia, Italy) produced a contact metamorphic aureole and resulted in migmatisation of part of the aureole through partial melting. The leucosome, formed by dehydration melting involving biotite, is characterised by granophyric intergrowth and abundant magnetite crystals. A large portion of the high temperature contact aureole shows petrographic features that are intermediate between quartz diorite and migmatite s.s. (i.e. hybrid rocks). A fluid inclusion study has been performed on quartz crystals from the quartz diorite and related contact aureole rocks, i.e. migmatite sensu stricto (s.s.) and hybrid rocks. Three types of fluid inclusions have been identified: I) monophase V inclusions, II) LþV, either L-rich or V-rich aqueous saline inclusions and III) multiphase VþLþS inclusions. Microthermometric data characterised the trapped fluid as a complex aqueous system varying from H2O–NaCl– CaCl2 in the quartz diorite to H2O–NaCl–CaCl2–FeCl2 in the migmatite and hybrid rocks. Fluid salinities range from high saline fluids (50 wt% NaCl eq.) to almost pure aqueous fluid. Liquid-vapour homogenisation temperatures range from 100 to over 400 C with an average peak around 300 C. Temperatures of melting of daughter minerals are between 300 and 500 C. Highly saline liquid- and vapour-rich inclusions coexist with melt inclusions and have been interpreted as brine exsolved from the crystallising magma. Fluid inclusion data indicate the formation of fluid of high iron activity during the low-pressure partial melting and a fluid mixing process in the hybrid rocks.
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