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Authors: Massa, M.* 
Marzorati, S.* 
D'Alema, E.* 
Di Giacomo, D.* 
Augliera, P.* 
Title: Site Classification Assessment for Estimating Empirical Attenuation Relationships for Central-Northern Italy Earthquakes
Issue Date: 2007
Series/Report no.: 6/11 (2007)
DOI: 10.1080/13632460701232675
Keywords: site effects
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.04. Ground motion 
Abstract: The aim of this article is to investigate the ground motion attenuation of the most industrialized and populated regions of Italy, evaluating the capability of different approaches to estimate site dependent models. The 5.2 magnitude earthquake on November 24, 2004 shocked the areas of Northern Italy producing damage of about 215 million euros. The data set, including 243 earthquakes of local magnitude up to 5.2, has been collected in the period December 2002–October 2005 by 30 threecomponent seismic stations managed by Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione of Milano (INGV-MI). Empirical attenuation relationships have been estimated for horizontal peak ground velocity (PGHV), acceleration (PGHA), displacement (PGHD), and for response spectral acceleration (SA) for periods between 0.1 and 1.5 s. To estimate suitable attenuation models, in particular for sites characterized by thick sedimentary geological formations, a soil discrimination based on EU8 code can lead to wrong evaluations. On the contrary, a classification based on H/V spectral ratios of seismic ambient noise (NHV) allows the models to fit better real and predicted data and to reduce the uncertainties of the process. For each receiver, NHV have been strengthened by additional H/V spectral ratio of earthquake data (EHV), calculated considering different portions of the analysed signals. In order to validate the PGHA attenuation relationship for greater magnitudes, accelerometric records, relative to Central-Northern Italy strong motions occurring in the last 30 years, have been collected and superimposed to our attenuation curves.
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