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Authors: Pittarello, L.* 
Di Toro, G.* 
Bizzarri, A.* 
Pennacchioni, G.* 
Hadizadeh, J.* 
Cocco, M.* 
Title: Partitioning Between Surface Energy and Heat During an Earthquake (Gole Larghe Fault, Adamello, Italy)
Issue Date: 6-Jun-2006
Keywords: Energy budget
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.06. Rheology, friction, and structure of fault zones 
Abstract: The determination of the earthquake energy budget remains a challenging issue for Earth scientists, as understanding the partitioning of energy is a key towards the understanding the physics of earthquakes. Here we estimate the partition of the mechanical work density into heat and surface energy (energy required to create new fracture surface) during seismic slip on a location along a fault. Earthquake energy partitioning is determined from field and microstructural analyses of a fault segment decorated by pseudotachylyte (solidified friction-induced melt produced during seismic slip) exhumed from a depth of ~ 10 km - typical for earthquake hypocenters in the continental crust. Frictional heat per unit fault area estimated from the thickness of pseudotachylytes is ~ 27 MJ m-2. Surface energy, estimated from microcrack density inside clast (i.e., cracked grains) entrapped in the pseudotachylyte and in the fault wall rock, ranges between 0.10 and 0.85 MJ m-2. Our estimates for the studied fault segment suggest that ~ 97 - 99% of the energy was dissipated during the earthquake as heat, leading to the conclusion that less than 3% of the total mechanical work density is adsorbed as surface energy on the fault plane during earthquake rupture.
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