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Authors: Montegrossi, G.* 
Cantucci, B.* 
Tassi, F.* 
Vaselli, O.* 
Quattrocchi, F.* 
Title: Short term validated geochemical model of CO2 sequestration
Issue Date: 24-Sep-2006
Keywords: geochemical modeling
Weyburn project
Subject Classification03. Hydrosphere::03.01. General::03.01.01. Analytical and numerical modeling 
Abstract: In this work we present a new approach to model the effects of CO2 sequestration that has been tested in the Weyburn test site. The Weyburn oil-pull is recovered from Midale Beds (at 1300-1500 m depth). This formation consists of Mississippian shallow marine evaporitic carbonates that can be divided into two units: i) the dolomitic “Marly” and ii) the underlying calcitic “Vuggy”, sealed by an anhydrite cap-rock. Presently, about 3 billions mc of supercritical CO2 have been injected into the “Phase A1” injection area. The aim of our model is to reconstruct i) the chemical composition of the reservoir; ii) the geochemical evolution of the reservoir with time as CO2 is injected and ii) the boundary conditions. The geochemical modeling has been performed by using the code PRHEEQC (V2.11) software package. The “primitive brine” composition was calculated on the basis of the chemical equilibrium among the various phases, assuming reservoir equilibrium conditions for the mineral assemblage with respect to a Na-Cl (Cl/Na=1.2) water, at T of 62 °C and P of 150 bars via thermodynamic corrections to the code database. A comparison between the chemical composition of the “primitive brine” and that analytically determined on water samples collected before the CO2 injection shows an agreement within 10 %. Furthermore, we computed the kinetic evolution of the reservoir by considering the local equilibrium and the kinetically controlled reactions taking into account the CO2 injected during four years of monitoring. The calculated chemical composition after the CO2 injection is consistent with the analytical data of samples collected in 2004, with the exception of calcium and magnesium contents. The results of the Inverse Modeling Simulation (IMS) suggest that the measured Ca and Mg contents are higher than those calculated from the solubility of calcite and dolomite, likely due to the complexation effect of carboxilic acid. The results of the application of the kinetic model lasting 100 years indicate that dissolution of K-feldspar and kaolinite and precipitation of chalcedony affect the Marly and Vuggy units. Furthermore, calcite tends to be dissolved as CO2 solubilises in the reservoir, whereas dolomite dissolution can be considered negligible. Dawsonite precipitates as secondary mineral. The CO2 content from solubility trapping (short/medium-term sequestration) calculation is ~0.8 mol/L.
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