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Authors: Strollo, A.* 
Parolai, S.* 
Jäckel, K.-H.* 
Marzorati, S.* 
Bindi, D.* 
Title: Suitability of short-period sensors for retrieving reliable H/V peaks for frequencies less than 1 Hz
Issue Date: 2007
Keywords: instrumental noise
horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.02. Exploration geophysics::04.02.07. Instruments and techniques 
Abstract: Using three different short-period electromagnetic sensors with resonant frequencies of 1 Hz (Mark L4C-3D), 2 Hz (Mark L-22D), and 4.5 Hz (I/O SM-6), coupled with three digital acquisition system, the PDAS Teledyne Geotech, the REFTEK 72A, and the Earth Data Logger PR6-24 (EDL), the effect of the seismic instruments on the horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (H/V) using seismic noise for frequencies less than 1 Hz has been evaluated. For all possible sensors - acquisition system pairs, the background seismic signal and instrumental self-noise power spectral densities have been calculated and compared. The results obtained when coupling the short-period sensors with different acquisition systems show that the performance of the considered instruments at frequencies < 1 Hz strongly depends upon the sensor-acquisition system combination and the gain used, with the best performance obtained for sensors with the lowest resonance frequency. For all acquisition systems, it was possible to retrieve correctly the H/V peak down to 0.1-0.2 Hz by using a high gain and a 1 Hz sensor. In contrast, biased H/V spectral ratios were retrieved when low-gain values were considered. Particular care is required when using 4.5 Hz sensors since they may not even allow the fundamental resonance frequency peak to be reproduced
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