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Authors: D’Antonio, M.* 
Tonarini, S.* 
Arienzo, I.* 
Civetta., L.* 
Di Renzo, V.* 
Title: Components and processes in the magma genesis of the Phlegrean Volcanic District, southern Italy
Issue Date: 2007
Series/Report no.: /418 (2007)
DOI: 10.1130/2007.2418(10)
Keywords: Phlegrean Volcanic District
isotope geochemistry
source contamination
crustal assimilation
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.05. Mineralogy and petrology 
04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.07. Rock geochemistry 
Abstract: Sr-Nd-Pb-B isotope and incompatible trace element investigations were carried out on volcanics of the Phlegrean Volcanic District, which includes Campi Flegrei and the islands of Ischia and Procida (Campanian region, southern Italy). The results of these investigations allowed us to defi ne several components in the genesis of magmas, including transitional mid-ocean-ridge basalt (MORB)–type asthenospheric mantle, aqueous fl uids, oceanic sediment melts derived from the subducted Ionian slab, and continental crust. A source contamination process that introduces variable proportions of slab-derived components into the mantle can explain the observed isotopic variations among the products of Ischia and Procida, and of Campi Flegrei older than 39 ka. Furthermore, comparison between Phlegrean Volcanic District and Aeolian arc volcanic rocks shows a different role of aqueous fl uids and sediment melts from southeast to northwest. Energy-constrained assimilation and fractional crystallization modeling suggests that younger than 39 ka Campi Flegrei potassic trachybasalt magmas could have assimilated up to 2% of crustal melt, while evolving to trachyte during stagnation at ~8 km depth. Crustal assimilation and mixing/mingling processes among isotopically distinct magma batches at shallower depth account for geochemical and isotopic variations of younger than 39 ka Campi Flegrei volcanic rocks.
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