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Authors: Bottiglieri, M.* 
Falanga, M.* 
Tammaro, U.* 
Obrizzo, F.* 
De Martino, P.* 
Godano, C.* 
Pingue, F.* 
Title: Independent component analysis as a tool for ground deformation analysis
Journal: Geophys. J. Int. 
Series/Report no.: / 168 (2007)
Publisher: Blackwell
Issue Date: 2007
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03264.x
Keywords: independent component analysis
ground deformationin
signal processing
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.06. Volcano monitoring 
05. General::05.01. Computational geophysics::05.01.04. Statistical analysis 
Abstract: Independent component analysis (ICA) is a recent and well-known technique used to separate mixtures of signals. This technique has been applied to the ground deformation time-series recorded at the permanent GPS network of the Osservatorio Vesuviano—INGV in order to characterize the deformation background level in the Neapolitan volcanic area. The analysis revealed the presence of five independent periodic signals common at all the GPS stations; some of them are interpreted as effects of earth tides. The residual signal at each station represent the local ground deformation. Unfortunately the ICA cannot provide the absolute amplitude of the components, indeed we are not able to obtain a residual amplitude at each station. Then we used a stationarity analysis in order to investigate the eventual presence of local transient deformations. The ICA technique combined with the stationarity analysis has shown to be a very interesting tool for individuating ground deformation trends and could be very useful in volcanic areas monitoring.
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