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Authors: Compagnoni, M.* 
Curti, E.* 
Di Capua, G.* 
Lemme, A.* 
Peppoloni, S.* 
Pergalani, F.* 
Podestà, S.* 
Title: Danni al patrimonio monumentale ed effetti di amplificazione sismica per cause topografiche
Other Titles: Monumental heritage damage and seismic amplification effects due to the topography
Issue Date: 10-Jun-2007
Keywords: analisi di vulnerabilità
amplificazione sismica
patrimonio monumentale
scenari di danno
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.04. Ground motion 
04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.06. Surveys, measurements, and monitoring 
04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.11. Seismic risk 
Abstract: After the 2002 Molise earthquake, a wide survey of the damage and the seismic vulnerability of the churches was carried out, using specific forms extensively tested and recently acknowledged at a national scale (G.U. 07/03/2006). This approach has allowed one to compare the observed and the expected medium damage, calculated through vulnerability curves correlated to the specific form used. This comparison has enabled to evaluate inhomogeneous values in some cases, pointing out how the surveyed damage could not be put down just to a structural lack of the building. Studying the sites morphology for the churches located on the ridges, it was observed a damage level always greater than expected. To study the influence of the local amplification phenomena due to the topography, it has been analyzed some churches damaged by the Appennino Abruzzese (1984) and Molise (2002) earthquakes. These churches are located on the ridges top, with slope in-clination alfa≥15°, height H≥30m and characterized by homogeneous lithological subsoil, almost to consider it having an elastic behavior under dynamical stress. Taking into account this hazard increase inside a vulnerability analyses (based on a macroseismic or a mechanical approach), it has been proposed a double approach, validated through local seismic response (RSL) modeling of the ground (estimation of amplification factors and of elastic response spectra) and through the seismic response of the macroelements, damaged by the reference earth-quake (linear and not-linear kinematic analysis). Through the vulnerability analysis based of the macroseismic approach, the influence of the site morphology on the building behavior has been preliminary defined by a vulnerability modifier (deltaVml), that represents an additional parameter to reach the equivalent value between the surveyed and the expected damage. The study of the amplification effects has been performed using the BEM numerical analysis; the results are represented by the amplification factors (Fa), defined as the ratio between the spectral intensity of output and input, considering the range period of 0.1s-0.5s, and the corresponding elas-tic response spectra: they confirm the results of the macroseismic approach. Considering the mechanical approach, two churches have been examined in detail (S Pietro in Vincoli at Castellino del Biferno and S. Michele Arcangelo at Campolieto): the kinematic analyses have been performed applied the calculated amplified and not-amplified response spectra (considering the earthquake 2002) and the design response spectrum. The analyses show that the results obtained applying the calculated amplified response spectrum are better correlated to the surveyed damage of the churches than the results obtained applying the not-amplified response spectrum.
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