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Authors: Favali, P.* 
Beranzoli, L.* 
D'Anna, G.* 
Gasparoni, F.* 
Gerber, H. W.* 
Title: NEMO-SN-1 the first "real-time" seafloor observatory of ESONET
Journal: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 
Series/Report no.: / 567 (2006)
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2006
DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2006.05.255
Keywords: Seafloor Observatory in real-time communication;
Geo-hazard mitigation
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: The fruitful collaboration between Italian Research Institutions, particularly Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) and Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) together with Marine Engineering Companies, led to the development of NEMOSN- 1, the first European cabled seafloor multiparameter observatory. This observatory, deployed at 2060m w.d. about 12 miles off-shore the Eastern coasts of Sicily (Southern Italy), is in real-time acquisition since January 2005 and addressed to different set of measurements: geophysical and oceanographic. In particular the SN-1 seismological data are integrated in the INGV land-based national seismic network, and they arrive in real-time to the Operative Centre in Rome. In the European Commission (EC) European Seafloor Observatory NETwork (ESONET) project, in connection to the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) action plan, the NEMO-SN-1 site has been proposed as an European key area, both for its intrinsic importance for geo-hazards and for the availability of infrastructure as a stepwise development in GMES program. Presently, NEMO-SN-1 is the only ESONET site operative. The paper gives a description of SN-1 observatory with examples of data.
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