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Authors: Camarda, M.* 
Gurrieri, S.* 
Valenza, M.* 
Title: In situ permeability measurements baed on a radial gas advection model: relationships between soil permeability and diffuse CO2 degassing in volcanic areas
Journal: Pure Appl. Geophys. 
Series/Report no.: 4 / 163 (2006)
Publisher: Birkhauser
Issue Date: 2006
DOI: 10.1007/s00024-006-0045-y
Keywords: Gas soil permeability
volcanic areas
radial gas advection
soil degassing
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.01. Gases 
Abstract: In this paper we have developed a new method for measuring in situ soil permeability, which is based on the theory of radial gas advection through an isotropic porous medium. The method was tested in the laboratory and at several locations on the island of Vulcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy). It consists of a special device which generates a gas source at a depth of 50 cm and it permits measurement of the relative induced pressure in nearby soil at different depths. The characteristic error of the method was less than 10%. Furthermore, soil permeability measurements were carried out in the island of Vulcano during different periods of the year (between May 2000 and June 2001). A strong decrease in permeability in the upper layers of the soil during and after rainfall was noted, with very poor correlations between the spatial distributions of soil CO2 flux and shallow soil permeability.
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