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Authors: Gaeta, M.* 
Freda, C.* 
Christensen, J. N.* 
Dallai, L.* 
Marra, F.* 
Karner, D. R.* 
Scarlato, P.* 
Title: Time-dependent geochemistry of clinopyroxene from Alban Hills (Central Italy): clues to source and evolution of ultrapotassic magmas.
Journal: Lithos 
Series/Report no.: /86 (2006)
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2006
DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2005.05.010
Keywords: Clinopyroxene
87Sr / 86Sr
Ultrapotassic rocks
Alban Hills
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.01. Earth Interior::04.01.99. General or miscellaneous 
04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.03. Magmas 
Abstract: We investigated chemical and isotopic compositions of clinopyroxene crystals from well age-constrained juvenile scoria clasts, lava flows, and hypoabyssal magmatic ejecta representative of the whole eruptive history of the Alban Hills Volcanic District. The Alban Hills is a Quaternary ultra-potassic district that was emplaced into thick limestone units along the Tyrrhenian margin of Italy. Alban Hills volcanic products, even the most differentiated, are characterised by low SiO2 content. We suggest that the low silica activity in evolving magmas can be ultimately due to a decarbonation process occurring at the magma/limestone interface. According to the liquid line of descent we propose, the differentiation process is driven by crystallisation of clinopyroxene+leuciteFapatiteFmagnetite coupled with assimilation of a small amount of calcite and/or with interaction with crustal CO2. By combining age, chemical data, strontium and oxygen isotopic compositions, and REE content of clinopyroxene, we give insights into the evolution of primitive ultrapotassic magmas of the Alban Hills Volcanic District over an elapsed period of about 600 kyr. Geochemical features of clinopyroxene crystals, consistent with data coming from other Italian ultrapotassic magmas, indicate that Alban Hills primary magmas were generated from a metasomatized lithospheric mantle source. In addition, our study shows that the 87Sr / 86Sr and LREE/HREE of Alban Hills magmas continuously diminished during the 600–35 ka time interval of the Alban Hills eruptive history, possibly reflecting the progressive depletion of the metasomatized mantle source of magmas.
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