Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/2384
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dc.contributor.authorallRosi, M.; Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisaen
dc.contributor.authorallBertagnini, A.; Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione Pisa, Pisa, Italiaen
dc.contributor.authorallHarris, A. J. L.; HIGP/SOEST, University of Hawaii, 1680 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 6822, USAen
dc.contributor.authorallPioli, L.; Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisaen
dc.contributor.authorallPistolesi, M.; Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisaen
dc.contributor.authorallRipepe, M.; Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Firenze, v. La Pira 4 50121 Firenze, Italyen
dc.date.accessioned2007-08-27T09:11:02Zen
dc.date.available2007-08-27T09:11:02Zen
dc.date.issued2006en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/2384en
dc.description.abstractOn April 5, 2003, Stromboli volcano (Italy) produced the most violent explosion of the past 50 years. The event was exceptionally well documented thanks to the presence on the island of several scientists and a large number of instruments deployed over the preceding months to monitor the effusive eruption that began in December 2002. Integration of visual documentation, deposit features and geophysical data allowed an accurate reconstruction of the explosive event and its dynamics. The eruption consisted of a 8-min long explosive event which evolved through four phases whose timing was precisely recorded by an infrared thermometer located about 450 m from the summit crater. Phases 2 and 3 lasted 39 and 42 s, respectively. Both had an impulsive character, were responsible for ejecting almost the entire mass of the pyroclastic products. Phases 1 and 4 represented, respectively, a short-lived precursory event and a waning tale. During Phase 2, meter-sized ballistic blocks were launched with velocities of 170 m/s to altitudes of up to 1400 m above the craters. These fell on the volcano flanks and on the village of Ginostra, about 2 km distant from the vent. A vertical jet rose above the craters which developed to feed a convective plume that reached a height of up to 4 km. The calculated mass of the Phase 2 fallout deposit and mass discharge rate were 1.1–1.4×108 kg and 2.8– 3.6×106 kg/s, respectively. During Phase 3 a scoria flow deposit, with an estimated volume of 0.9–1.1×104 m3, was erupted from the same vent that fed the ongoing sustained lava flow. The average mass discharge rate for this phase was 2.5–3.1×105 kg/s. Products emitted during Phases 2 and 3 consisted of lithic and fresh magmatic material in similar proportions. The juvenile fraction consisted of a deep-originated, almost aphyric, highly vesicular pumice mingled with a shallow-derived, crystal-rich, moderately vesicular scoria. Similarities with the eruption dynamics of other historical paroxysms at Stromboli makes the April 5, 2003 explosion representative of these highly energetic events that constitute the most hazardous volcanic phenomena at Stromboli volcano.en
dc.language.isoEnglishen
dc.publisher.nameElsevieren
dc.relation.ispartofEarth Planet. Sci. Lett.en
dc.relation.ispartofseries3-4/243(2006)en
dc.subjectstrombolien
dc.subjectThermal monitoring; paroxysmen
dc.subjectexplosive dynamicsen
dc.subjectballistic ejectaen
dc.titleA case history of paroxysmal explosion at Stromboli: Timing and dynamics of the April 5, 2003 eventen
dc.typearticleen
dc.description.statusPublisheden
dc.type.QualityControlPeer-revieweden
dc.description.pagenumber594-606en
dc.subject.INGV04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.05. Volcanic rocksen
dc.subject.INGV04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.08. Volcanic risken
dc.subject.INGV05. General::05.02. Data dissemination::05.02.03. Volcanic eruptionsen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.epsl.2006.01.035en
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Pompilio, Preliminary analysis of the December 2002 instability phenomena at Stromboli volcano, Abstract Volume from Meeting on Occurrence and Mechanisms of Flow-Like Landslides in Natural Slopes and Earthfills, Sorrento, Italy, 2004, pp. 297–303. S. Tinti, G. Pagnoni, F. Zaniboni, Tsunami generation in Stromboli Island and impact on the south-east Tyrrhenian coasts, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. 3 (2003) 299–309. M. Ripepe, E. Marchetti, G. Ulivieri, A. Harris, J. Dehn, M. Burton, T. Caltabiano, G. Salerno, Effusive to explosive transition during the 2003 eruption of Stromboli Volcano, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 33 (2005) 341–344. S. Calvari, L. Spampinatoi, L. Lodato, The 5 April vulcanian paroxysmal explosion at Stromboli volcano (Italy) from field observation and thermal data, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 149 (2006) 160–175. M.L. Carapezza, S. Inguaggiato, L. Brusca, M. Longo, Geochemical precursors of the activity of an open conduit volcano: the Stromboli 2002–2003 eruptive events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 31 (2004), doi:10.1029/2004GL019614. A. Aiuppa, C. Federico, Anomalous magmatic degassing prior to the 5th April 2003 paroxysm on Stromboli, Geophys. Res. Lett. 31 (2004), doi:10.1029/2004GL020458. M. Mattia, M. Rossi, F. Guglielmino, M. Aloisi, Y. Bock, The shallow plumbing system of Stromboli island imaged from 1 Hz instantaneous GPS positions, Geophys. Res. Lett. 31 (2004), doi:10.1029/2004GL021281. M. Ripepe, E. Marchetti, P. Poggi, A. Harris, A. Fiaschi, G. Ulivieri, Seismic, acoustic, and thermal network monitors the 2003 eruption of Stromboli Volcano, Eos, Trans.-Am. Geophys. Union 85 (2004) 329–332. A. Harris, D. Pirie, K. Horton, H. Garbeil, E. Pilger, H. Ramm, R. Hoblitt, C. Thornber, M. Ripepe, E. Marchetti, P. Poggi, DUCKS: low cost thermal monitoring units for near-vent deployment, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 143 (2005), doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2004.12.007. A. Tibaldi, Multiple sector collapses at Stromboli volcano, Italy: how they work, Bull. Volcanol. 63 (2001) 112–125. M. Rosi, A. Betagnini, P. Landi, Onset of the persistent activity at Stromboli volcano (Italy), Bull. Volcanol. 62 (2000) 294–300. F. Barberi, M. Rosi, A. Sodi, Volcanic hazard assessment at Stromboli volcano based on review of historical data, Acta Vulcanol. 3 (1993) 173–187. G. Mercalli, I vulcani attivi della Terra, Hoepli, Milan, 1907. A. Rittmann, Der Ausbruch des Stromboli am 11 September 1930, Zeits Vulkanol. 14 (1931) 47–77. A. Bonaccorso, S. Calvari, G. Garfì, L. Lodato, D. Patanè, Dynamics of the December 2002 flank failure and tsunami at Stromboli volcano inferred by volcanological and geophysical observations, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30 (2003), doi:10.1029/ 2003GL017702. P. Tommasi, F.L. Chiocci, M. Marsella, M. Coltelli, M. Pompilio, Preliminary analysis of the December 2002 instability phenomena at Stromboli volcano, Abstract Volume from Meeting on Occurrence and Mechanisms of Flow-Like Landslides in Natural Slopes and Earthfills, Sorrento, Italy, 2004, pp. 297–303. S. Tinti, G. Pagnoni, F. Zaniboni, Tsunami generation in Stromboli Island and impact on the south-east Tyrrhenian coasts, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. 3 (2003) 299–309. M. Ripepe, E. Marchetti, G. Ulivieri, A. Harris, J. Dehn, M. Burton, T. Caltabiano, G. Salerno, Effusive to explosive transition during the 2003 eruption of Stromboli Volcano, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 33 (2005) 341–344. S. Calvari, L. Spampinatoi, L. Lodato, The 5 April vulcanian paroxysmal explosion at Stromboli volcano (Italy) from field observation and thermal data, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 149 (2006) 160–175. M.L. Carapezza, S. Inguaggiato, L. Brusca, M. Longo, Geochemical precursors of the activity of an open conduit volcano: the Stromboli 2002–2003 eruptive events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 31 (2004), doi:10.1029/2004GL019614. A. Aiuppa, C. Federico, Anomalous magmatic degassing prior to the 5th April 2003 paroxysm on Stromboli, Geophys. Res. Lett. 31 (2004), doi:10.1029/2004GL020458. M. Mattia, M. Rossi, F. Guglielmino, M. Aloisi, Y. Bock, The shallow plumbing system of Stromboli island imaged from 1 Hz instantaneous GPS positions, Geophys. Res. Lett. 31 (2004), doi:10.1029/2004GL021281. M. Ripepe, E. Marchetti, P. Poggi, A. Harris, A. Fiaschi, G. Ulivieri, Seismic, acoustic, and thermal network monitors the 2003 eruption of Stromboli Volcano, Eos, Trans.-Am. Geophys. Union 85 (2004) 329–332. A. Harris, D. Pirie, K. Horton, H. Garbeil, E. Pilger, H. Ramm, R. Hoblitt, C. Thornber, M. Ripepe, E. Marchetti, P. Poggi, DUCKS: low cost thermal monitoring units for near-vent deployment, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 143 (2005), doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2004.12.007.en
dc.description.journalTypeJCR Journalen
dc.description.fulltextreserveden
dc.contributor.authorRosi, M.en
dc.contributor.authorBertagnini, A.en
dc.contributor.authorHarris, A. J. L.en
dc.contributor.authorPioli, L.en
dc.contributor.authorPistolesi, M.en
dc.contributor.authorRipepe, M.en
dc.contributor.departmentDipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisaen
dc.contributor.departmentIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione Pisa, Pisa, Italiaen
dc.contributor.departmentHIGP/SOEST, University of Hawaii, 1680 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 6822, USAen
dc.contributor.departmentDipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisaen
dc.contributor.departmentDipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Firenze, v. La Pira 4 50121 Firenze, Italyen
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.languageiso639-1en-
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.openairetypearticle-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.grantfulltextrestricted-
crisitem.classification.parent04. Solid Earth-
crisitem.classification.parent04. Solid Earth-
crisitem.classification.parent05. General-
crisitem.department.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
crisitem.author.deptIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Pisa, Pisa, Italia-
crisitem.author.deptIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Bologna, Bologna, Italia-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0003-4075-2242-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0003-1006-7703-
crisitem.author.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
crisitem.author.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
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