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Authors: Maresca, R.* 
Nardone, L.* 
Galluzzo, D.* 
La Rocca, M.* 
Del Pezzo, E.* 
Title: Application of the spac method to ambient noise recorded in the vesuvius area (italy)
Issue Date: 2006
Keywords: NONE
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.05. Historical seismology 
Abstract: Noise measurements were recorded using a dense short-period seismic array in Terzigno (Naples), a town that is located about 6 km from the Vesuvius crater. The aim of this study was to calculate a surface velocity model of the area under investigation through the application of the Spatial Autocorrelation (SPAC) method, with the hypotheses that ambient noise is stationary both in time and space, and that it is composed of surface dispersive waves. The correct knowledge of the surface structure is an important goal in site-effects studies. Correlation coefficients were calculated as functions of the azimuth on noise recorded at pairs of equally spaced stations in the frequency range of 1-8 Hz. Then, the spatial average correlation coefficients were compared to estimates over long-term recordings. The results appear to validate the hypothesis that ambient noise can be considered as a stochastic process. The correlation-frequency curves have been fitted to Bessel functions, from which the Rayleigh wave dispersion curve has been calculated. A velocity model has been derived from the dispersion curve using both trial and error and a standard inversion procedure. The results are consistent with those obtained from array measurements in the area in other studies (Scarpa et al., 2003).
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