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Authors: Cara, F.* 
Parolai, S.* 
Monachesi, G.* 
Milkereit, R.* 
Günther, E.* 
Di Giulio, G.* 
Milana, G.* 
Bindi, D.* 
Rovelli, A.* 
Title: Test sites in Europe for the evaluation of ground motion amplification: site response of the Gubbio basin (Central Italy) using weak motions recorded by linear seismic arrays
Issue Date: 3-Sep-2006
Keywords: weak motion analysis
linear arrays
response spectra
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.04. Ground motion 
04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.06. Surveys, measurements, and monitoring 
04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.09. Waves and wave analysis 
04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.11. Seismic risk 
Abstract: The plain of Gubbio is located in a northwest-southeast oriented, 4-km wide, 20-km long intermountain basin in the northern Apennines, central Italy. The moderate-magnitude earthquakes of the 1997 Umbria-Marche seismic sequence, occurred 40 km southeast of Gubbio, generated displacements as large as 6 cm within the basin. The large amplitude phase, not observed outside of the basin, was followed by low-frequency wave trains lasting up to 1 minute. In order to investigate the mechanism of possible local amplification effects, different kind of geophysical and geological investigation of the basin started within the framework of the Italian DPC-INGV projects. In particular, the GFZ and the INGV deployed two linear seismic arrays. The first one was composed of ten seismological stations with 1-s receivers. It operated from June until December 2005. The array was oriented north-south, approximately: all the stations but two were installed on the sedimentary deposits. The remaining two stations (the northernmost and the southernmost) were installed on rock outcrops at the edges of the basin. The second array, composed by 10 stations with 5-s receivers, was deployed along the main axis of the basin, and is recording since November 2005. For 45 days, the two arrays worked simultaneously. A selected dataset of 250 earthquakes has been analyzed. H/V spectral ratio results show that systematic low-frequency (0.3-0.4 Hz) amplification affects the stations in the middle of the basin. The resonance frequency peaks are consistent with the thickness and the average S-wave velocity of soft sediments derived from microtremor measurements in the basin. The conventional spectral ratio results show a more complex broad-band (0.3-10 Hz) amplification. The analysis of selected records by means of a sonogram approach highlights the arrival of strong late phases increasing the signal duration at the stations located in the middle of the basin.
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