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Authors: Spinetti, C.* 
Buongiorno, M. F.* 
Title: Volcanic Water Vapour Abundance Retrieved Using Hypespectral Data
Issue Date: 20-Sep-2004
Keywords: Water vapour, Kilauea volcano, Mt. Etna, Aviris, Hyperion
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: In the present study a remote sensing differential absorption technique, already developed to calculate the atmospheric water vapour abundance, has been adapted to calculate water vapour columnar abundance in tropospheric volcanic plume. Water vapour is the most abundant gas of a volcanic plume released into the atmosphere from an active volcanic system. The technique is based on the correlation between the dip in the spectral curve measured by the spectrometer were water vapour absorptions bands are presents, and the precipitable water content in the column. Airborne and satellite remote sensing images in the infrared wavelength range were used. The technique has been applied to data acquired over two different degassing volcanoes. The Airborne Visible and Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) acquired data over the Hawaiian Pu’u’O’o Vent cone of the Kilauea volcano on April 2000. The Hyperion sensor on EO-1 satellite has been requested to acquire data on July 2003, during a ground-based measurements campaign on Mt. Etna (Italy). The result is the spatial distribution of water vapour abundance of the Mt. Etna and of the Pu`u` O`o Vent volcanic plumes. A comparison between the two results has been done, showing the differences in the volcanic activity. The algorithm produces reliable results compared to the ground based measurements in the plume area acquired during a measurements campaign over Mt. Etna.
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