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Authors: Vignoli, G.* 
Zanzi, L.* 
Title: Focusing inversion technique applied to radar tomographic data
Issue Date: 4-Sep-2005
Keywords: tomography
minimum support stabilizer
Subject Classification05. General::05.06. Methods::05.06.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: Traveltime tomography is a very effective tool to reconstruct acoustic, seismic or electromagnetic wave speed distribution. To infer the velocity image of the medium from the measurements of first arrivals is a typical example of ill-posed problem. In the framework of Tikhonov regularization theory, in order to replace an ill-posed problem by a well-posed one and to get a unique and stable solution, a stabilizing functional (stabilizer) has to be introduced. The stabilizer selects the desired solution from a class of solutions with a specific physical and/or geometrical property; e.g., the existence of sharp boundaries separating media with different petrophysical parameters. Usually stabilizers based on maximum smoothness criteria are used during the inversion process; in these cases the solutions provide smooth images which, in many situations, do not describe the examined objects properly. Recently a new algorithm of direct minimization of the Tikhonov parametric functional with minimum support stabilizer has been introduced; it produces clear and focused images of targets with sharp boundaries. In this research we apply this new technique to real radar tomographic data and we compare the obtained result with the solution generated by the more traditional minimum norm stabilizer.
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