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Authors: Maffucci, Roberta* 
Caciagli, Marco* 
Braun, Thomas* 
Buttinelli, Mauro* 
Cinti, Francesca Romana* 
Danesi, Stefania* 
De Martini, Paolo Marco* 
Errico, Maddalena* 
Famiani, Daniela* 
Materni, Valerio* 
Pantosti, Daniela* 
Pucci, Stefano* 
Salimbeni, Simone* 
Sapia, Vincenzo* 
Title: A multidisciplinary approach gives new insights into the shallow structural setting of the Val d'Agri oilfield (Basilicata, southern Apennines, Italy);
Issue Date: Apr-2023
DOI: 10.5194/egusphere-egu23-5530
Keywords: Val d'Agri
Abstract: The Val d’Agri (VA) oilfield in the Lucanian Apennines (southern Italy), represents the largest onshore in Europe. Since the 1990's, hydrocarbons are produced from a fractured carbonate reservoir with an average extraction rate of 7*104 barrels/day of oil and 3*106 Smc/day of gas. Part of the wastewater has been re-injected since 2006 into a marginal portion of the reservoir by a high-rate well (Costa Molina 2, CM2). Charged by the Italian oil and gas safety authority, the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) monitors the VA industrial hydrocarbon operations through the research activity of a dedicated working group (CMS, Centro di Monitoraggio del Sottosuolo) and according to the governmental monitoring guidelines. The CMS operates the real-time acquisition and offline analyses of seismic data recorded at 56 seismic stations associated with public and private local seismic networks. The principal aim of the CMS is to investigate the risk associated with industrial activities that can induce or trigger seismic events by producing stress changes within the upper crustal volume. Previous works have highlighted a spatio-temporal relationship between micro-seismicity (ML ≤ 2.2) and wastewater injection, delineating a NE-dipping back-thrust near the CM2. Part of the microseismicity recorded in the southwestern portion of the VA has also been associated with the water level changes of the Pertusillo lake. One of the main challenges is to define an accurate structural setting of the VA to understand the potential of earthquakes in the area and investigate the presence of active faults. The VA consists of a Quaternary extensional tectonic basin and it is one of the areas of highest seismic hazard in Italy (Basilicata, 1857, M7 earthquake). The basin is bounded by two parallel and oppositely dipping normal fault systems: the Monti della Maddalena Fault System (MMFS) on its western side and the Eastern Agri Fault System (EAFS) on the eastern one. The characterization of the ongoing tectonic activity of the MMFS and EAFS, and their hierarchical relationship is still generating debate among the scientific community. We adopt a multidisciplinary approach based on detailed geological-structural, geophysical and seismic analyses, and electrical resistivity tomography, aimed at reconstructing the subsurface geology of the area and recognizing and characterizing the active and capable faults, and the associated potential for local seismic hazard. We present and discuss the results of this work, focusing on the relative location of seismic events that occurred between March and June 2022. The outcomes allow inferring interesting geologic constraints, highlighting the relationships between the distribution of local seismicity and the structural setting of the area in the uppermost crust (depth < 6 km).
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