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Authors: Di Chiara, Anita* 
Pavón-Carrasco, Francisco Javier* 
Title: A first regional model of the past Earth's magnetic field from Africa for the last 4000 years
Journal: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 
Series/Report no.: /325 (2022)
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 22-Feb-2022
DOI: 10.1016/j.pepi.2022.106855
Keywords: geomagnetic modeling
Abstract: The understanding of the Earth’s magnetic field variations over time on the African continent is fundamental for several reasons. For instance, the most important feature of the present geomagnetic field, the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) characterized by weaker geomagnetic strength values than those expected for their latitudes, may have emerged in South Africa at the beginning of the second millennium CE. Here, we first selected the available volcanic and archaeomagnetic data following a set of three criteria inspired by the FAIR principles. We then built a first regional geomagnetic model for Africa covering the last 4000 years, using a revised version of the spherical cap harmonic (SCH) analysis in 2 dimensions. The new regional model shows, at the Earth’s surface, the westward migration of the SAA from the Indian Ocean over Africa since 1100 CE. In addition, the regional model is tested as a paleomagnetic dating tool by re-dating previous archaeomagnetic data from Africa and thus can be used to date other African archeological sites and the numerous active and dormant volcanoes of the East African System.
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