Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/15625
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dc.date.accessioned2022-04-28T10:47:26Z-
dc.date.available2022-04-28T10:47:26Z-
dc.date.issued2022-04-15-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/15625-
dc.description.abstractGeogenic and anthropogenic sources of atmospheric particulate and CO2 can lead to threats to human health in volcanic areas. Although the volcanic CO2 hazard is a topic frequently debated in the related scientific literature, space and time distribution of PM2.5 are poorly known. The results of combined CO2/PM2.5 surveys, carried out at Salina, Stromboli, and Vulcano islands (Aeolian archipelago, Italy) in the years 2020-2021, and integrated with investigations on bioaccumulation of metallic particulate matter by the mean of data on the magnetic properties of oleander leaves, are presented in this work. The retrieved results indicate that no significant anthropogenic sources for both CO2 and PM2.5 are active in these islands, at the net of a minor contribution due to vehicular traffic. Conversely, increments in volcanic activity, as the unrest experienced by Vulcano island since the second half of 2021, pose serious threats to human health, due to the near-ground accumulation of CO2, and the presence of suspended micro-droplets of condensed hydrothermal vapor, fostering the diffusion of atmophile viruses, such as the COVID-19. Gas hazard conditions can be generated, not only by volcanic vents or fumarolic fields, but also by unconventional sources, such as the outgassing from shallow hydrothermal aquifers through drilled or hand-carved wells.en_US
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.publisher.nameMDPIen_US
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries/19 (2022)en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/*
dc.subjectAeolian Islands; gas hazard; magnetic properties; plant leaves; volcanic ash; volcanic unresten_US
dc.titleAtmospheric Concentration of CO2 and PM2.5 at Salina, Stromboli, and Vulcano Islands (Italy): How Anthropogenic Sources, Ordinary Volcanic Activity and Unrests Affect Air Qualityen_US
dc.typearticleen
dc.description.statusPublisheden_US
dc.type.QualityControlPeer-revieweden_US
dc.description.pagenumber4833en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph19084833en_US
dc.description.obiettivoSpecifico6A. Geochimica per l'ambiente e geologia medicaen_US
dc.description.journalTypeJCR Journalen_US
dc.relation.issn1660-4601en_US
dc.contributor.authorMadonia, Paolo-
dc.contributor.authorCangemi, Marianna-
dc.contributor.authorColajanni, Marcello-
dc.contributor.authorWinkler, Aldo-
dc.contributor.departmentIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Roma2, Roma, Italiaen_US
dc.contributor.departmentIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Roma2, Roma, Italiaen_US
item.languageiso639-1en-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.openairetypearticle-
item.grantfulltextopen-
crisitem.author.deptIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Roma2, Roma, Italia-
crisitem.author.deptIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Palermo, Palermo, Italia-
crisitem.author.deptIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione Roma2, Roma, Italia-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-0949-9691-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0003-3964-6303-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-0653-0059-
crisitem.author.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
crisitem.author.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
crisitem.author.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
crisitem.department.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
crisitem.department.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
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