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Authors: Inguaggiato, Salvatore* 
Vita, Fabio* 
Cangemi, Marianna* 
Inguaggiato, Claudio* 
Calderone, Lorenzo* 
Title: The Monitoring of CO2 Soil Degassing as Indicator of Increasing Volcanic Activity: The Paroxysmal Activity at Stromboli Volcano in 2019–2021
Journal: Geosciences 
Series/Report no.: /11( 2021)
Publisher: MDPI
Issue Date: 8-Apr-2021
DOI: 10.3390/geosciences11040169
Keywords: Stromboli volcano; paroxysmal activity; soil CO2 fluxes
Abstract: Since 2016, Stromboli volcano has shown an increase of both frequency and energy of the volcanic activity; two strong paroxysms occurred on 3 July and 28 August 2019. The paroxysms were followed by a series of major explosions, which culminated on January 2021 with magma overflows and lava flows along the Sciara del Fuoco. This activity was monitored by the soil CO2 flux network of Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), which highlighted significant changes before the paroxysmal activity. The CO2 flux started to increase in 2006, following a long-lasting positive trend, interrupted by short-lived high amplitude transients in 2016–2018 and 2018–2019. This increasing trend was recorded both in the summit and peripheral degassing areas of Stromboli, indicating that the magmatic gas release affected the whole volcanic edifice. These results suggest that Stromboli volcano is in a new critical phase, characterized by a great amount of volatiles exsolved by the shallow plumbing system, which could generate other energetic paroxysms in the future.
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