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Authors: Convertito, Vincenzo* 
Pino, Nicola Alessandro* 
Piccinini, Davide* 
Title: Concentrated Slip and Low Rupture Velocity for the May 20, 2012, M W 5.8, Po Plain (Northern Italy) Earthquake Revealed From the Analysis of Source Time Functions
Journal: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 
Series/Report no.: /126 (2021)
Publisher: Wiley Agu
Issue Date: Jan-2021
DOI: 10.1029/2019JB019154
Abstract: We analyse the rupture properties of the May 20, 2012, MW 5.8, Po Plain (Northern Italy) earthquake by using two different modeling procedures based on the source time functions: a forward modeling and a global inversion Bayesian method. While the forward modeling allows to retrieve general information on the source characteristics, the global inversion allows to explore a substantially larger number of possible solutions, with more parameters, providing a quantitative estimate of the misfit. We invert for the spatial slip distribution and for the rupture velocity on a planar fault model. The unknown slip is given at the nodes of the subfaults (control points) and then given at the elementary subfaults through a bilinear interpolation. The number of control points is progressively increased to move from a high- to low-wavelength description of final slip on the fault plane. The optimal model parameter set is chosen according to the Akaike Information Criterion. The uncertainty on the slip distribution and rupture velocity has been estimated by a statistical analysis of the model ensemble and, in particular, through the weighted mean model and the standard deviation. We find that the most earthquake slip occurred in the regions located northeast and southwest of the hypocenter, consistent with the forward modeling. Moreover, we find a low rupture propagation velocity (0.4 compressional Mach number) similarly to what has been observed for the close 29 May, MW 5.6, and radiation efficiency suggesting that half of the strain energy was used to create new fracture.
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