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Authors: Casula, Giuseppe* 
Cuccuru, Francesco* 
Bianchi, Maria Giovanna* 
Fais, Silvana* 
Ligas, Paola* 
Title: High resolution 3-D modelling of cylinder shape bodies applied to ancient columns of a church
Journal: Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO) 
Series/Report no.: 54
Publisher: Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union
Issue Date: 28-Oct-2020
DOI: 10.5194/adgeo-54-119-2020
Keywords: 3D Modelling
Non-Destructive Testing
3D Diagnostic Methods
Terrestrial Laser Scanner
Close Range Photogrammetry
Ultrasonic Tomography
Petrographic Investigations
Integrated Application
Subject ClassificationSolid Earth 
Abstract: The use of Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) applied to construction materials allows to highlight and characterize their features, especially in the case of old buildings. The multi-technique high resolution 3D modelling described here is aimed to investigate the conservation state of the central column of a colonnade in the ancient church of Saints Lorenzo and Pancratio, dating to about the second half of the thirteenth century and located in the old town of Cagliari (Italy). This column was considered of interest because its longitudinal axis deviates from its ideal position and it appears the most deteriorated. In this work we describe the integrated application of 3D diagnostic methods, i.e. Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS), close range photogrammetry (CRP) and ultrasonic tomography supported by petrographic investigations. They were used to improve the diagnostic process of the conservation state of the investigated column. The TLS technique was supported by CRP to obtain a natural colour texturized 3D model of the column. The geometrical anomaly maps derived from the data of the TLS-CRP survey show the presence of some anomalies worthy of attention. Starting from the 3D reconstruction with previous techniques we planned and implemented a 3D ultrasonic tomography. Ultrasonic tomography proved to be a successful tool in identifying internal defects, as well as the presence of voids and flaws within the materials through the analysis of the propagation of ultrasonic waves. The integration of the three non-invasive techniques supported by petrographical analyses demonstrates its potential in reducing ambiguities since each technique brings its clue to the overall diagnostic process.
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