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Authors: Quattrocchi, F. 
Title: In search of evidence of deep fluid discharges and pore pressure evolution in the crust to explain the seismicity style of the Umbria-Marche 1997-1998 seismic sequence (Central Italy)
Issue Date: Aug-1999
Series/Report no.: 4/42 (1999)
Keywords: fluid geochemistry/seismicity
porepressure field
Umbria-Marche 1997-1998
seismic sequence
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.12. Fluid Geochemistry 
04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.02. Earthquake interactions and probability 
04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.03. Earthquake source and dynamics 
Abstract: Starting soon after the first main-shocks of the long seismic sequence which has occurred along the Umbria-Marche boundary since September 1997, fluid geochemistry surveying was accomplished (around 200 samples) over the epicentre area as a whole, collecting information on hydrological variations too. The collected experimental data allowed to discuss the spatial and temporal evolution of the circulating fluids, either in the chemistry or in the dynamic paths, during the different stages of the seismic sequence. All the geo-structural, seismological and fluid geochemistry information gathered in this sector of the Central Apennines are discussed together in an attempt to speculate about the possible role and evolution of pore-pressure at depth up to surface within the seismogenic process recalling the "Fault Valve Activity Model", the "Coseismic Strain Model", the "frictional heating-frictional stress coupling model" and the "Dilatancy Model". This overview may also explain the geochemical and hydrological experimentally observed anomalies, in occurrence of the seismic sequence. The seismic style of the long sequence is revised in terms of pore-pressure regime down to seismogenic depth (2-10 km), within the poly-phase Evaporite Triassic Basement (ETB) and the Paleozoic Crystalline Basement (PCB), corresponding to the horizons of transient dehydration reactions: process triggered and enhanced during the seismogenic process, involving further fluid overpressure, and consequently further seismicity (chain effect). All the recalled processes and models may explain fluid remobilization and over-pressuring in the upper crust starting soon after the main-shocks, along relict low angle planes (close Apennine and anti-Apennine fault segments), rendering the Umbria-Marche boundary a "transiently weakened frictional instability zone", for a period spanning more than one year.
Appears in Collections:Manuscripts
Annals of Geophysics

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