Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/13938
Authors: Sabbatino, Monia* 
Vitale, Stefano* 
Tavani, Stefano* 
Consorti, Lorenzo* 
Corradetti, Amerigo* 
Cipriani, A.* 
Arienzo, Ilenia* 
Parente, M* 
Title: Constraining the onset of flexural subsidence and peripheral bulge extension in the Miocene foreland of the southern Apennines (Italy) by Sr-isotope stratigraphy
Journal: Sedimentary Geology 
Series/Report no.: /401 (2020)
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2020.105634
Keywords: Foreland basin system
Forebulge unconformity
Strontium isotope stratigraphy
Forebulge extension
Miocene
Southern Apennines (Italy)
Abstract: In fold and thrust belts developing at convergent margins, the migration of the advancing wedge is accompanied by bulging of the downgoing plate, followed by the development of a foredeep basin filled by a thick succession of syn-orogenic sediments. The transition from forebulge to foredeep marks a key moment in the evolution of the orogenic system. In deep water environments, the record of this transition is typically complete and progressive. Conversely, in the shallow-water/continental environment of many collisional systems, the uplift of the forebulge area can imply emersion and erosion, obliterating the stratigraphic record of key steps of the evolution of the orogenic system. The southern Apennines constitute one of these collisional fold and thrust belts where the development of the forebulge has implied emersion and erosion, with the development of a Miocene forebulge erosional unconformity, accompanied by extensional deformation associated with the bending of the lithosphere during the forebulge stage. In this paper, we use strontium isotope stratigraphy to constrain with unprecedented time-resolution the age of the forebulge unconformity in areas presently incorporated in the northern sector of the southern Apennines fold and thrust belt. Integration of our results and those of previous studies indicates, at the regional scale, a younging toward the foreland of the forebulge unconformity across the belt. Our highresolution ages also reveal a diachronous onset of the flexural subsidence over short distances, associated with the occurrence of horst and graben structures, possibly resulting from inherited paleotopography along with forebulge extension. This work highlights how high-resolution dating is critical to unravel the evolution of foreland basin systems at different scales.
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