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Authors: Anderlini, Letizia* 
Serpelloni, Enrico* 
Tolomei, Cristiano* 
De Martini, Paolo Marco* 
Pezzo, Giuseppe* 
Gualandi, Adriano* 
Spada, Giorgio* 
Title: New insights into active tectonics and seismogenic potential of the Italian Southern Alps from vertical geodetic velocities
Journal: Solid Earth 
Series/Report no.: 5/11(2020)
Publisher: Copernicus
Issue Date: 4-Sep-2020
DOI: 10.5194/se-11-1681-2020
Keywords: Southern Alps
Vertical Velocities
GPS and InSAR integration
Interseismic Deformation
Dislocation Model
Seismic Potential
Subject Classification04.03. Geodesy 
04.07. Tectonophysics 
Abstract: This study presents and discusses horizontal and vertical geodetic velocities for a low strain rate region of the south Alpine thrust front in northeastern Italy obtained by integrating GPS, interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) and leveling data. The area is characterized by the presence of subparallel, south-verging thrusts whose seismogenic potential is still poorly known. Horizontal GPS velocities show that this sector of the eastern Southern Alps is undergoing ∼1 mm a−1 of NW–SE shortening associated with the Adria–Eurasia plate convergence, but the horizontal GPS velocity gradient across the mountain front provides limited constraints on the geometry and slip rate of the several subparallel thrusts. In terms of vertical velocities, the three geodetic methods provide consistent results showing a positive velocity gradient, of ∼ 1.5 mm a−1, across the mountain front, which can hardly be explained solely by isostatic processes. We developed an interseismic dislocation model whose geometry is constrained by available subsurface geological reconstructions and instrumental seismicity. While a fraction of the measured uplift can be attributed to glacial and erosional isostatic processes, our results suggest that interseismic strain accumulation at the Montello and the Bassano–Valdobbiadene thrusts it significantly contributing to the measured uplift. The seismogenic potential of the Montello thrust turns out to be smaller than that of the Bassano–Valdobbiadene fault, whose estimated parameters (locking depth equals 9.1 km and slip rate equals 2.1 mm a−1) indicate a structure capable of potentially generating a Mw>6.5 earthquake. These results demonstrate the importance of precise vertical ground velocity data for modeling interseismic strain accumulation in slowly deforming regions where seismological and geomorphological evidence of active tectonics is often scarce or not conclusive.
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