Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/13109
Authors: Spina, Laura* 
Taddeucci, Jacopo* 
Cannata, Andrea* 
Gresta, Stefano* 
Lodato, Luigi* 
Privitera, Eugenio* 
Scarlato, Piergiorgio* 
Gaeta, Mario* 
Gaudin, Damien* 
Palladino, Danilo Mauro* 
Title: "Explosive volcanic activity at Mt. Yasur: A characterization of the acoustic events (9–12th July 2011)"
Journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 
Series/Report no.: /322 (2016)
Issue Date: 2016
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2015.07.027
Abstract: Volcanic processes occur in a wide range of temporal and spatial scales. However, a key step of magma ascent is recognizable in the dynamics of gas and magma in the shallow plumbing system, where volatiles play a fundamental role in controlling the eruptive style. With the aim of investigating shallow degassing processes, an experimental setup was deployed at Mt. Yasur, an active volcano located in Tanna Island (Vanuatu arc), from 9th to 12th July 2011. The setup comprised high-speed and thermal cameras, as well as a microphone, capable of recording both in the infrasonic and audible range. The analysis of acoustic signals, validated by observing images from the high-speed and thermal cameras, has enabled characterizing the explosive activity during the investigated period. Two types of explosions, distinct for spectral features and waveforms, were observed: (i) minor events, corresponding to small overpressurized bursts, occurring almost continuously; (ii) major events, characterizing the Strombolian activity at Mt. Yasur. By investigating variation in the occurrence rate of the minor events, we found that, on a short timescale, the dynamics responsible for the two types of explosions are decoupled. These results, together with previous literature data, bring additional evidence of the existence of distinct sources of degassing. Finally, major events can be distinguished as emergent events, i.e. long-lasting signals, corresponding to ash-rich explosions, and impulsive events, featuring shorter duration and larger amplitude. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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