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Authors: Giudicepietro, Flora* 
Chiodini, Giovanni* 
Caliro, Stefano* 
De Cesare, Walter* 
Esposito, Antonietta M.* 
Galluzzo, Danilo* 
Lo Bascio, Domenico* 
Macedonio, Giovanni* 
Orazi, Massimo* 
Ricciolino, Patrizia* 
Vandemeulebrouck, Jean* 
Title: Insight Into Campi Flegrei Caldera Unrest Through Seismic Tremor Measurements at Pisciarelli Fumarolic Field
Journal: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 
Series/Report no.: 11/20 (2019)
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2019
DOI: 10.1029/2019GC008610
Abstract: Within a general volcanic unrest in the densely urbanized area of Campi Flegrei caldera (Italy) an increase in the activity of Pisciarelli hydrothermal area is occurring. The seismic amplitude of Pisciarelli fumarolic tremor is a proxy for the fluid emission rate of the entire Solfatara‐Pisciarelli hydrothermal system. The long‐term analysis indicates a significant increase, by a factor of ~3 of the fumarolic tremor amplitude since May 2017. This increment matches with the trend of geochemical and seismic parameters observed in Campi Flegrei, therefore highlighting that Pisciarelli is a key site to monitor the volcanic unrest underway in this high‐risk caldera. The analysis of data from three closely spaced seismic stations provided new clues about the source mechanism of the tremor. Analyzing the fumarolic tremor amplitude we could also identify an episode of enlargement of the emission area close to the main fumarole of Pisciarelli. We propose a monitoring system based on the fumarolic tremor analysis, which provides real‐time information on the Pisciarelli hydrothermal activity and therefore on the current unrest in Campi Flegrei caldera.
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