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Authors: Heorton, Harold D. B. S.* 
Tsamados, Michel* 
Cole, S. T.* 
Ferreira, Ana M. G.* 
Berbellini, Andrea* 
Fox, M.* 
Armitage, Thomas W. K.* 
Title: Retrieving Sea Ice Drag Coefficients and Turning Angles From In Situ and Satellite Observations Using an Inverse Modeling Framework
Issue Date: 31-Aug-2019
Series/Report no.: /124 (2019)
DOI: 10.1029/2018JC014881
Abstract: For ice concentrations less than 85%, internal ice stresses in the sea ice pack are small andsea ice is said to be in free drift. The sea ice drift is then the result of a balance between Coriolisacceleration and stresses from the ocean and atmosphere. We investigate sea ice drift using data fromindividual drifting buoys as well as Arctic-wide gridded fields of wind, sea ice, and ocean velocity. Weperform probabilistic inverse modeling of the momentum balance of free-drifting sea ice, implemented toretrieve the Nansen number, scaled Rossby number, and stress turning angles. Since this problem involvesa nonlinear, underconstrained system, we used a Monte Carlo guided search scheme—the NeighborhoodAlgorithm—to seek optimal parameter values for multiple observation points. We retrieve optimal dragcoefficients ofCA=1.2×10−3andCO=2.4×10−3from 10-day averaged Arctic-wide data from July 2014that agree with the AIDJEX standard, with clear temporal and spatial variations. Inverting daily averagedbuoy data give parameters that, while more accurately resolved, suggest that the forward model oversimplifies the physical system at these spatial and temporal scales. Our results show the importance of the correct representation of geostrophic currents. Both atmospheric and oceanic drag coefficients are found to decrease with shorter temporal averaging period, informing the selection of drag coefficient for short timescale climate models.
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