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Authors: Vecchio, Antonio* 
Anzidei, Marco* 
Serpelloni, Enrico* 
Florindo, Fabio* 
Title: Natural Variability and Vertical Land Motion Contributions in the Mediterranean Sea-Level Records over the Last Two Centuries and Projections for 2100
Issue Date: Jul-2019
Series/Report no.: 7/11 (2019)
DOI: 10.3390/w11071480
Abstract: We analyzed a set of geodetic data to investigate the contribution of local factors, namely the sea level natural variability (SLNV) and the vertical land motion (VLM), to the sea-level trend. The SLNV is analyzed through the Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) on tidal data (>60 years of recordings) and results are used to evaluate its effects on sea levels. The VLM is measured at a set of continuous GPS (cGPS) stations (>5 years of recordings), located nearby the tide gauges. By combining VLM and SLNV with IPCC-AR5 regional projections of climatic data (Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 2.6 and 8.5), we provide relative sea-level rise projections by 2100. Results show that the combined effects of SLNV and VLM are not negligible, contributing between 15% and 65% to the sea-level variability. Expected sea levels for 2100 in the RCP8.5 scenario are between 475 +/- 203 (Bakar) and 818 +/- 250 mm (Venice). In the Venice Lagoon, the mean land subsidence at 3.3 +/- 0.85 mm a(-1) (locally up to 8.45 +/- 1.69 mm a(-1)) is driving the local sea-level rise acceleration.
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