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Authors: Capuano, Paolo* 
De Lauro, Enza* 
De Martino, Salvatore* 
Falanga, Mariarosaria* 
Petrosino, Simona* 
Title: Processing of massive seismic datasets at Campi Flegrei (Italy) through Convolutive Indepedent Component Analysis
Issue Date: Apr-2016
Keywords: Campi Flegrei
Abstract: A novel procedure is proposed in order to analyse continuous seismic signal on hourly scale to have a prompt discrimination among the different sources. The case study regards the Campi Flegrei caldera during the year 2006 when a swarm of volcano-tectonic earthquakes occurred. The necessity to analyse a massive data set has required applying a robust methodology and the introduction of suitable parameters to be monitored over the time. Specifically we apply the Convolutive Independent Component Analysis to the seismic recording at four broadband stations. As a result, we obtain a clear separation among meteo-marine, anthropogenic noise, hydrothermal tremor in absence of volcano-tectonic activity, whereas in non-stationary conditions a contribution connected to the corner frequency of the earthquakes emerges. We introduce a coarse-grained variable to be monitored continuously, i.e. the frequency associated with the maximum amplitude of the power spectral density of the deconvolutive independent components. This parameter is sensitive to the variation in the frequency bands of interest (e.g. that corresponding to the corner frequencies of volcano-tectonic events) and can be used as marker of the insurgence of seismic activity. We propose the following procedure to be applied routinely in the observatory practice: namely, estimate CICs on hourly series; then represent the distribution of the FMPSDA. Significative variations in the frequency bands of interest can be indicative of the insurgence of a renewed activity (e.g. VTs). Once individuated the “hot” periods, then one can go deeper with finer distinctions at a single event scale by using a simple STA/LTA (Short Time Average vs. Long Time Average) technique in order to detect events. This coarse-grained procedure on massive data through CICA would provide fast alert on the occurrence of even very-small VTs and FMPSDA may represent a suitable “observable” to monitor in the observatory practice. Finally, this approach can be employed for the prompt detection in massive data of other kinds of seismic signals such as LP, tremor, fluid-induced seismicity buried in noisy environments.
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